Discussion Starter · #61 ·
Then explain why this research has been ignored on fall harvestTrue, they do all of those things but none of those things that you mention aside from the hog issue are things that would make any tangible difference to the turkey population. Your quote above stated it well, female harvest can be an issue but it has to be at a level that results in an increase in mortality, and thats just not what is being seen in MO or any other state. Its very similar to Voluntary Restraint in waterfow. That was a program that was hyped to protect hens and increase production but after decades of the practice it was found that natural mortality of hens was high enough that hunters had no impact on populations of ducks or hens. Its the same with turkeys. I wish it were as simple as changing some regulations and having more turkeys but it isnt.
ALDO LEOPOLD - "SURPLUS THEORY"
The Wild Turkey World has corrupted Aldo Leopold’s theory. – Wild Turkey Hens are going to die anyway – Might as well kill them in the fall.
Nearly 100 years ago Aldo Leopold, the father of game management, coined the term “harvestable surplus.” The intended meaning of the term is that SOME wildlife species and populations may produce more young in a given year than can survive to the following year.
Which as already been proving wrong with wild turkey decline – Wild Turkey Hens are NOT producing enough young in past 20 years in Missouri!
Those individuals doomed to die over the winter, for example, represent the “surplus” in the population. Leopold observed that those surplus animals could be killed by hunters during the fall, instead of succumbing to winter mortality, and there would be little impact on the population. So, in theory, hunting would be sustainable because the population would not change.
Before: You read the information below:
Please write down the research that shows shooting a Wild Turkey Hen during a population decline has zero implications to the population!!! - Not 1 models done on a computer behind a desk but field study!
EFFECTS OF FALL EITHER-SEX HUNTING ON SURVIVAL IN IOWA WILD TURKEY POPULATION - Iowa Research presented at the Wild Turkey Syposium
Survival rates and patterns we observed before the initiation of fall hunting were not unusual.
Annual survival rates were >50% for adult turkeys. Spring hunting caused the greatest mortality in males, and a combination of illegal spring hunting and PREDATION DURNING NESTING/BROOD-REARING ACTIVITES CAUSED THE MOST HENS DEATHS.
Juveniles of both sexes were exposed to heavier predation during the fall than adults were, and
to legal and illegal hunting-related mortality during the spring-hunting season, but annual
survival rates were not greatly different for juveniles and adults of either sex.
Reported similar annual or seasonal mortality rates, patterns, or causes of death for radio-tagged eastern turkeys Missouri.
The fall-to-spring survival rates we observed for AM suggest that fall hunting may reduce the number of gobblers available to spring hunters, i.e., most AM shot in the fall would otherwise be alive the following spring.
Fall hunting would not affect turkey populations IF FALL HUNTING MORTALITY IS COMPENSATORY that is, if there is a compensating increase in survival during other periods of the year to offset fall hunting, or if birds shot by fall hunters would have died anyway to some other agent. NEITHER OF THESE SITUATION EXISTED DURING THIS STUDY. AVERAGE ANNUAL SURVIVAL RATES OF ALL AGE-SEX CLASSES DECLINED AFTER FALL HUNTERS WAS INTRODUCED.
This implies that fall hunting may affect future turkey populations. SHOOTHING ADULT TURKEYS IN POOR PRODUCTION YEARS MAY REDUCE THE NUMBER OF HENS AVAILABLE TO NEST as well as reduce gobbler numbers available to hunters. A REDUCTION IN HENS COULD REDUCE RECRUITMENT AND TOTAL TURKEY NUMBERS FURTHER AND PROLONG THE RECOVER FROM POOR PRODUCTION THAN WOULD HAVE OCCURRED WITHOUT FALL HUNTING.